Our Story

Building a House United

"We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature."

"The occasion is piled high with difficulty, and we must rise with the occasion."

Abraham Lincoln

The Challenge: Political Polarization

Politics is tough. It always has been. American politics is competitive, thrilling, frustrating – and infuriating. The stakes are high. Issues are important. Outcomes matter. This is why we care, and should care, about our politics.

But do our politics have to be demonizing? Does it have to bring out the worst in us? Do our politics have to destroy the goodwill of our society?  Is the dehumanizing of our fellow Americans something we should accept?

Affective political polarization (not only disagreement on issues but personal contempt and distrust) has been growing between us for at least 25 years. In other words the vitriol in American politics was a problem long before Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton and the 2016 election.

Yet today, there is evidence to suggest that we are now as polarized as we have been since the Civil War. We are in what some are calling a “cold civil war” right at the moment when a spreading pandemic, vast economic trouble, and other national and global challenges call upon us to support each other like never before.

We do not accept this. 

At Braver Angels we do not accept this division. We reject the normalizing of this extreme polarization. We say no to the break down of political and social life that it brings. 

Our work is about restoring civic trust in the USA. It is about healing the wounds between left and right. It is about challenging institutions to be better, building community together, and discovering what it means to be American in our time. 

Our work is about supporting a more perfect union. Our work is about inspiring the beloved community. 

At Braver Angels, our work is about building a house united.

We haven’t reached the point of violence and chaos – yet. But surely in our increasingly and dangerously fractured nation, we all need to be touched by something “better” within us and within the institutions that we build together.

A Braver Beginning

December 2016: America had suffered the most divisive election in our history. In this unprecedented moment, co-founders David Blankenhorn, Bill Doherty, and David Lapp came together with an idea for an unlikely gathering… 

With passions still high following the election we assembled 10 Trump supporters and 11 Clinton supporters in South Lebanon, Ohio. This would become our first Red/Blue Workshop. The goal was simple. We needed to see if Americans could still disagree respectfully – and just maybe, find common ground. Some thought it wasn’t likely.

We proved our skeptics wrong.

Republican and Democrat, native born and immigrant: these Americans liked each other. But first they had to hear one another’s stories. Black and white, Christian and Muslim: these Americans could appreciate each others opinions. But first they needed to see where these opinions came from. They could listen to each others points of view once they saw one another, not as stereotypes, but as neighbors in a country they shared. 

The first gathering was successful. Everyone agreed: this needed to be just the beginning. 

And it was. This was the beginning of the organization originally called Better Angels, and of a powerful new approach to political depolarization that would soon sprout across the country.

In South Lebanon, Ohio the first Better Angels Alliance was born. National Public Radio discovered our efforts and dedicated an hour-long segment to covering our work. 

The word spread. We began receiving emails from people across the country asking, “Can you please come to my community?”

Meanwhile, the divisions in the nation rose. Against the backdrop of demonstrations in the streets, bitter fighting in congress, national uproar over healthcare, immigration and gun control, and irresponsible pundits and politicians inflaming the discourse at every turn, Better Angels took action.  

Responding to popular demand we launched a summer bus tour, starting in Waynesville, Ohio, and ending in Philadelphia, PA. A fall tour followed, starting in Washington, DC running through North Carolina and ending in Nashville. We held workshops, trained over 100 workshop moderators, built friendships and changed lives. By the end of 2017 our members and volunteers stretched across the country.

In 2018 our work only grew. We launched The Better Angels Podcast — now known as The Braver Angels Podcast interviewing leading voices from the left and the right and changing the conversation online. We expanded to college campuses, held our first national convention, and were featured regularly in the press across the country.

By 2019 it was clear – Better Angels was at the head of a movement not just to depolarize politics, but to re-imagine what it means to be an American.

In early 2020, Better Angels changed its name to Braver Angels to reflect the courage needed to bridge the divide.

Braver Angels was inspired by the words of Abraham Lincoln, who not only called on Americans to summon the “better angels” of our nature — but called on us to find the courage needed to pursue a more perfect union, “with malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right.”

To meet the current moment, at this time of national crisis, we need more than civility. We need to challenge ourselves to work together when we disagree. We need bravery.

Our Approach

Braver Angels seeks to depolarize American politics. Our work is rooted in grassroots organizing. From the grassroots however, our volunteer leaders (supported by a small staff) leverage Braver Angels programs and unique organizing structure to impact community life and American institutions.

Specifically, our efforts are focused on:

  • Grassroots
  • Academia
  • Media
  • Politics & Government
The root of our organizing, however, begins in the transformation of our attitudes towards each other. The foundation of all our activities is what we refer to as patriotic-empathy: the idea that our love for our country is shown by our concern for our fellow citizens.

If feelings about our political adversaries can be represented on a spectrum, our objective is to move Americans from hatred or disdain to respect & appreciation. (See diagram below.)

Our approach is guided by the Braver Angels Pledge:

  • As individuals, we try to understand the other side’s point of view, even if we don’t agree with it.
  • In our communities, we engage those we disagree with, looking for common ground and ways to work together.
  • In politics, we support principles that bring us together rather than divide us.


The Emotional and Intellectual Transformation of De-Polarization

From our board of directors to our staff, workshop participants, and funding sources, we are balanced between liberals and conservatives. We call it the Braver Angels Rule: At every level of leadership we are half red and half blue. Our leaders and members range from working class to affluent, and come from many backgrounds, so that our organization can reflect the country we seek to serve.

How We Are Funded

Our primary source of funds comes from membership fees from individual Americans who believe in the mission of Braver Angels and who want to make a difference.

Sources of Funding

Our Red/Blue rule applies to our funding sources as well as our leadership. In other words, we strive for roughly equal funding from foundations that are considered to be more liberal or progressive, and those foundations that are more closely associated with conservative causes.

How We Use the Funds

Braver Angels is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.  Roughly half of our budget goes to  our paid staff. The other half goes to support our various programs, including Red/Blue workshops, skills training, Braver Angels debates and our Braver Angels media.

Why Funding is Needed

We strive to reflect the demographic composition of the United States, both politically and economically. We keep our dues very low so that anyone can afford to join Braver Angels, enjoy the benefits of membership and make a difference.

Braver Angels also draws funding from foundations across the political spectrum. Our 990 Forms – the annual IRS-required “Returns of Organizations Exempt from Income Tax” – filed as Institute for American Values, are the most detailed reports of our yearly expenditures and sources of income.  These reports are publicly available online at www.guidestar.org.

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Our Leadership

Mark Beckwith

Partnerships Coordinator

Mark Beckwith is the retired Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Newark (NJ), and now serves as the Bishop Liaison for Bishops United Against Gun Violence, a network of 100 bishops.  He is co-host of A Matter of Faith  on NJ Public Television, and is also a spiritual director and a life coach.  

David Blankenhorn


David Blankenhorn is president and co-founder of Braver Angels. He co-founded the National Fatherhood Initiative in 1995, founded the Institute for American Values in 1988, and has authored or co-edited 14 books. He grew up in Mississippi and now lives with his family in New York City.

Julie Boler

Partnerships Specialist

Julie Boler’s expertise is in nonprofit work addressing sociopolitical problems, comprising decades of experience in training and curriculum development, staff supervision, research, writing, and quality assurance. She began volunteering with Braver Angels in 2018 and joined the national leadership team in January of 2020.  

Barb Brown

State Coordinator Call Coordinator

After her life as a homemaker changed, Barbara Boldt Brown spent six years selling cars before buying and operating several child development schools. She then worked with a school district doing parenting and prenatal training along with home visits. Now she is a middle school substitute and is pursuing an M.A.

Bill Doherty​


Bill Doherty is a co-founder of Braver Angels and the creator of the Braver Angels workshop approach. Bill is a Professor and Director of the Minnesota Couples on the Brink Project in the Department of Family Social Science at the University of Minnesota.  Bill combines a background in family therapy and community engagement. 

Dee Endelman

Moderator Orientation Call Coordinator

Dee Endelman lives in Seattle, WA and has a Masters Degree in Organizational Development from Antioch University.  Before retiring, she worked on the people side of business for 40 years, first as a Human Resources executive,  and then as a group facilitator, trainer and leadership coach. 

Bruce France

Organizer Call Coordinator

After graduating Springfield College,
Bruce France spent 40 years in business. Positions included sales, operations, management and a five-year stint running his own retail store. He is now in a second career as Executive Director for the Capital Area Council of Churches in Albany, NY.

Randy Freeman

Moderator Call Coordinator

Randy Freeman is a practicing Psychotherapist. She had been the Braver Angels state coordinator in NJ and recently became one of the NY coordinators. A member since 2016, she has moderated many red/blue workshops and skills workshops and co-hosts monthly moderator calls. 

Mónica Guzmán

Senior Media Adviser

Mónica Guzmán is a Seattle-based journalist who lives for good conversation sparked by challenging questions. She’s cofounder of The Evergrey, a former columnist at The Seattle Times, a recent fellow at Harvard’s Nieman Foundation for Journalism and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation, an immigrant and dual U.S.-Mexico citizen, and the mom of two bilingual kiddos.

Lynn Heady


Lynn Heady, from Nashville, TN, currently serves as Braver Angels Co-Director of Field Operations. Now retired, Lynn is a life-long educator whose successful career has included Curriculum and Instruction Director in two public school districts and collaborator in the design and direction of a world-class preschool and day school. Lynn has also taught graduate level curriculum courses online and on-land.

Ron Heady

Organizer Call Coordinator

Ron Heady taught in public schools for many years, primarily high school English and Latin. Since leaving the face-to-face classroom, Ron has continued teaching in various online environments and volunteers with a social justice advocacy group in Nashville, TN, in addition to his work with Braver Angels.


Paul Kuhne

Evaluation and Data Analytics Coordinator

Paul Kuhne works as the Roundtables Programs Manager at the Center for Open Data Enterprise, convening different stakeholders to identify best practices to improve open data use. He holds a B.A. in Political Science from Temple University and an M.A. in Global Policy Studies at the LBJ School of Public Affairs.

David Lapp


David Lapp is a co-founder of Braver Angels who currently serves as At-Large Organizer. Based on over one-hundred interviews with young adults, David and his wife, Amber, are writing a book, tentatively titled Love Like Crazy: Looking for Marriage in Middle America.

April Lawson

Director of Debates

April Lawson leads Braver Angels’ Debate and Public Discourse Program. She grew up in Kansas, studied anthropology at Yale, and now lives in Washington, D.C. with her dog June. She worked for David Brooks at The New York Times for 4 years and previously cofounded and served as Associate Director of Weave: The Social Fabric Project at the Aspen Institute.

Randy Lioz

Director of Online Experience

Randy Lioz studied economics at Duke and earned a business degree at Michigan. While he leads Braver Angels’ development of online programs, he has several other roles, including state coordinator, moderator, and writer. He worked in the auto industry for over 15 years before joining the organization.

Hillary Luehring-Jones

Director of Administration

Hillary Luehring-Jones is a graduate of Connecticut College, where she studied film and digital media. Before joining Braver Angels, Hillary was an event planner working specifically with nonprofit organizations, and later wrote for a popular news website.

Blake Lundquist

Web Developer

Blake Lundquist is a web developer and educator based in Seattle. He builds and researches applications that create a healthier and more equitable internet, and teaches front-end engineering.

Donna Murphy

Lead Organizer

Donna Nielsen Murphy develops nationwide initiatives, and is currently working on Online 1:1 Conversations. She has been an economist in both the public and private sector, most recently at the U.S. State Department, and is the author of three books.

Ciaran O'Connor

Chief Marketing Officer

Ciaran O’Connor leads marketing, digital, and communications strategy for Braver Angels. Before joining Braver Angels in June 2017, Ciaran served as a staffer on the 2012 Obama campaign and the 2016 Clinton campaign, and worked as a political consultant at Precision Strategies. A native New Yorker, Ciaran holds a BA in public policy from Duke University.

Luke Phillips

Media Editor

Luke Nathan Phillips is a writer and editor living in the Washington D.C. area, whose life’s quest is to better understand America, and help Americans to understand America a little better. He’s done odd jobs in journalism, restaurants, band gigs, campaigns, tourism, conservation, and museums. 

Steve Saltwick

Co-director (red) - national field operations

Steve Saltwick partners with Lynn Heady to catalyze the growth and impact of our field organization (local Alliances and the 50 States). He is a bio-psychologist whose career took a path through high-tech on six continents. He researches the guiding principles of the mammalian brain. He has published in SCIENCE but prefers to dote on his first grandchild and two border collies.

Tom Smerling

Moderator Call Coordinator

Tom Smerling has worked for over 30 years on foreign and domestic policy, including positions with Minneapolis Mayor Donald Fraser and various Washington think tanks. He was founding director of an NGO to support active U.S. mediation of Arab-Israeli negotiations, and served in NOAA’s Ocean Service.

Sage Snider

Director of Arts & Culture

Sage Snider is a performer, songwriter, and music historian based in Nashville, TN— where she performs with artists across the political spectrum. She began bringing arts and politics together by designing a “Music and Democracy in Ancient Greece” program for the Yale University Art Gallery. She later ran a Civil War music program for the Smithsonian of American History. 

Glenn Stanton

Partnerships Coordinator

Glenn T. Stanton is the director of global family formation studies at Focus on the Family and the author of nine books, senior contributor to the Federalist blog and staff writer for The Daily Citizen. He debates and lectures extensively on the issues of gender, sexuality, marriage and parenting at universities and churches around the world.

Richard Stoff

Senior Advisor

Richard Stoff is founder and retired president of the Ohio Business Roundtable, having served five governors and hundreds of corporate CEOs over 25 years to foster innovation, improve competitiveness and Ohio’s quality of life. Previously, he was a Partner in the worldwide management consulting practice of Ernst & Young. 

Rachel Weinstein

Chief Development Officer

With training in computer science, Rachel Weinstein has had extensive professional experience in fundraising, technology, and organizational growth. She’s held senior positions at several non-profits and founded three companies. As CDO, she directs Braver Angels’ fundraising activities.

John Wood, Jr.

National Ambassador

John Wood, Jr. is a national leader for Braver Angels, a former nominee for Congress, former Vice-Chairman of the Republican Party of Los Angeles County, and a noted writer and speaker on issues of political and racial reconciliation.

Donna Adler


Donna Adler spent more than 20 years working in higher education before joining Braver Angels. With a comprehensive institutional advancement background, she has extensive grant fundraising experience. A published writer, she holds a bachelor’s degree in English. She resides in Ohio with her husband and cat Oscar.

Board of Directors

Hunter Baker
Associate Professor of Political Science, Union University
David Blankenhorn
President, Braver Angels
Raina Sacks Blankenhorn
Mark Boyd
Goodwill Industries of Southern New Jersey and Philadelphia
Francis Fukuyama
Olivier Nomellini Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University
Jonathan Haidt
NYU Stern School of Business
and Author of “The Righteous
JoAnn Luehring
Roberts and Holland, LLP
Kouhyar Mostashfi
Senior Software Engineer, CSRA
Glenn T. Stanton
Director, Family Formation
Studies and Strategic Development, Focus on the Family
Thomas K. Sylvester

State Coordinators

Click the name of any individual state coordinator to contact them




Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota



North, Panhandle and West (includes Dallas, El Paso and Amarillo)
George Bouhasin

Central and South (includes Austin and San Antonio)
Steve Saltwick

Upper Gulf Coast and East (includes Houston and Beaumont)
Steve Saltwick





West Virginia



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